Chain stitch is a sewing and embroidery technique in which a series of looped stitches form the pattern which looked similar to that to metal chain. Chain stitch is an ancient technique which is an example of surviving Chinese chain stitch embroidery worked in silk thread has been dated to the Warring States period (5th to 3rd century BC). Handmade chain stitch embroidery does not require that the needle pass through more than one layer of fabric. For this reason the stitch is an effective surface embellishment near seams on finished fabric. Because chain stitches can form flowing, curved lines, they are used in many surface embroidery styles that look like a "drawing" in thread. Chain stitches are also used in making tambour lace, need lelace, macramé and crochet. Chain stitch is also a technique used to shorten rope or cable for storage or while in use. Following the procedure for doing chain stitch “Bring the thread up at the top of the line and hold it down with the left thumb. Insert the needle where it last emerged and bring the point out a short distance away. Pull the thread through, keeping the working thread under the needle point”.